Know when To Transplant Seedlings To Get The Best Crop
A process as challenging as transplantation requires a careful knowledge of when to transplant seedlings. It is, nonetheless, very beneficial for gardening enthusiasts and gives you the satisfaction of having full control over the plant growth at every stage. There are certain crucial things that you must know about seedling transplantation and we are going to help you with that in this article.
We will break down the entire process into simple sections to allow you to understand better. Read on.
The process of transplantation involves the shifting of the young plants from one medium to another where the elements of the new home are slowly introduced to the plant. This enables the plant to grow healthier foliage and stronger root system in the initial stages. It also facilitates the growth of the seedlings in a controlled and safer environment and easy establishment.
There are several benefits of it-
It is very important that the process is carried out with caution as any stone left can cause significant damage to the plants by way of transplant shock. The stem or root of the plant is harmed and it loses its nutrients. Watch the video to understand.
Some facts about seedling transplantation
To begin with, there are no strict rules about transplanting seedlings because every plant grows differently and that would affect the right time for transplantation.
The question of when to transplant seedlings itself points to the most important aspect- Timing. If it’s not the proper time, then the seedling might fail in facing the new environment as they are not ready or just become too pot accustomed to adjusting to the new conditions.
The right way to judge if the plant is ready for transplantation doesn’t depend on its height but how many true leaves the plant has. The thumb rule is that a seedling is ready for transplantation if it has got 3-4 true leaves already.
The true leaves grow after the first leaves or the cotyledons. They start photosynthesis and grow further to keep feeding the plant throughout its life. This is why these leaves are important for the sustenance of the plant when they are moved out.
Timing and preparation before transplantation
It is important to start with a proper plan that has the right timing and a nice preparation method. We are going to tell you how to do that.
For the proper timing
For the prepping of the seedlings
Hardening off is needed before you transplant seedlings in their new environment. This denotes facilitating the adjustment of the seedlings to the new environmental conditions which is a slow process. The idea is to gradually increase the exposure time of the young plants to the new conditions.
You start with 1-2 weeks prior to transplantation. Bring the plants outdoor every day and keep them moistened and in dappled shade for a certain time period which you gradually increase every day. This allows them to slowly adapt to the humidity, temperature, and other things outside.
The plant doesn’t go any significant appearance change during hardening as the change happens inside in the cellular structure of leaves and stem.
Let us give you the steps for proper transplantation method:
There are some things to consider while transplanting that make the process more effective. Try performing the process in early mornings to avoid instant exposure to high sun. Water the transplanted seedling immediately for settling the roots.
If you ask us when to transplant seedlings to bigger pots, it depends upon the individual needs of the plant as they might need more space to grow before final transplantation.
Regular phosphorous supply generally promotes good initial growth and you can add the suitable fertilizer to the seedlings for a few initial days. Keep a check over the weather and cover the plants as needed.
Transplanting pepper seedlings
This section will be enlightening you about tips related to when to transplant pepper seedlings.
After the sprouting of the pepper seeds started indoors, they need to be shifted to larger pots after 3-4 weeks. This gives them time to grow their third set of true leaves after which they can be transplanted. The timing can differ according to the pepper variety.
To ensure that the plants are ready, check for a hardball with white roots.
Moisten the soil enough and then fill it into the pots at around 1:3 ratio. Pull the seedling out gently from the trays and loosen the rolled roots lightly. Put them into the new pot and cover them with the new soil.
Tap the soil around the rootball gently and top the pot with soil. Water the plant lightly. You must prune away any additional shrub growth prior to planting.
The soil must be nutrient-rich and fed with suitable fertilizers which help in the development of a healthy structure and foliage.
Now that you know all about when to transplant seedlings, you can easily go ahead with the plant of your choice and start it. Just be careful about the factors we laid out and trust us, nothing will go wrong unless any unprecedented situation occurs. When done rightly, transplantation will give the necessary strength to the plant for flourishing till long.