Grow A Blueberry Shrub In Your Garden

Did you know that the fruits borne by a blueberry shrub belong to the group of few blue foods that naturally grow on earth? Before raising blueberries was possible, they could only be seen in the wild. As their cultivability expanded, they grew up to be a health supplement too owing to their anti-oxidant richness.

If you are thinking about growing blueberries, then we are right here with the best help. We will take you through all the known facts about the blueberry plant along with giving you the right tips to grow one in your own garden.


blueberry shrub

These are perennial and deciduous shrubs that give fruits that are truly berry in nature. This popular plant has the typical looks of a shrub where the leaves are shiny and oval in shape. Every variety grows up to a different height which can go even beyond 12 feet.

The flowers are urn-shaped and can be white or pale pink in color. A blueberry plant lives and gives fruit for a long span of 40-50 years if grown rightly.

The shiny and dark foliage of the plant makes it a very attractive asset for any backyard to possess. The fall leaves and steams get a very nice coloration during winters. Blueberry shrubs look good in containers too or as trails over beds, borders, hedges, and windscreens.

The blueberry has four varieties:

  • Highbush blueberry- It is a native of North America. They can withstand cold weather and produce big berries.
  • Lowbush blueberry- These grow in the coldest of climates. They are creepers also used for the ornamental purpose in the garden. They are the ones that we eat.
  • Rabbiteye- These are known for adaptability, productivity, and pest-tolerance. The Southeastern US states grow them.
  • Hybrid half-high blueberry- These are made out of a combination of lowbush and highbush varieties.

Some of the blueberry varieties that will be the best bet to grow at your home include-

  • Blueray
  • Bluecrop
  • Biloxi
  • Legacy
  • Pink popcorn
  • Pink Icing
  • Sunshine Blue
  • Powder Blue
  • Top hat
  • Brightwell

Guide for raising blueberries

This section will be devoted to giving you a comprehensive plan for growing lush blueberry bushes in your garden.

blueberry shrub

Early preparations

  • Select the right variety according to the local climate. Keep in mind the blooming season as well as the time when they produce berries too. Every cultivar differs in these aspects.
  • You need to choose or prep the right site which is a very important step. Full sun is mandatory for the blueberry bushes to grow well but they do considerably well in some shade too. Make sure there are no big trees nearby or multiple bushes crowding the spot.
  • The soil medium is another factor you must be very cautious about. To support this shallow-root plant, the soil must be moisture-retaining, acidic with pH from 4-5. You can make a soil mix too for better results by adding granulated sulfur, peat moss, organic matter, etc.
  • The right time to plant the shrubs is the early spring season or even during the late fall.

Planting the shrub

  • To start young plants of 1-3 years is a good option. If you are buying seeds, then make sure to buy them from a good nursery.
  • Dig holes in the soil according to the width and length of the roots in the proportion of 1:2.
  • Following spacing is very important. Keep a distance of about 4-5 feet between every plant and about 8 feet between two rows.
  • Place a compost mixture in the hole that will cover the roots. You can either make this mix or buy it.
  • Place the plant into the hole with the roots spreading out. Cover it nicely with soil.
  • If you are growing the plant in a container, then choose the specific varieties meant for it. The procedure for planting them would be the same. Watch this video to understand better.

Post-planting care

  • Watering is important as blueberry shrubs have shallow roots that demand more moisture. Quality watering is better than the constant moistening of the surface. Their average water requirement is 1-2 inches per week.

Water the plant nicely after you finishing fertilizing.

  • Mulching helps the root system in retaining moisture, preventing weeds, and processing the organic matter better. Perform mulching every year. You can use acid compost, Bark o Mulch, woodchips, sawdust, etc.
  • Fertilization is very essential to be done at the right time that is after one month of the plantation. The other times when you can fertilize are during early spring, late spring, and after pruning. A 10-5-5 band of fertilizer will be a good option and be careful to prevent over-fertilization.

Blueberry bushes prefer acidic fertilizers like azalea formulations or rhododendron or the organic ones like cottonseed meal and blood meal.

  • You cannot go wrong with pruning if you want the best growth of your blueberry shrub. There is no need to prune the small plants for at least the first four years. Although, you should just remove the flower blossoms to let the plant establish nicely.

You would need to start with heavy pruning in the later years to stimulate new shoot growth, prevent over-fruiting, increase the vigor of the plant, and promote fruit production. Early spring or late winter is the ideal time for pruning blueberry shrub. Remove the weak, dead, and broken stems.

Some additional care

  • Protect the bushes from birds.
  • If you want them to establish deeper into the ground, let go of fruit production for the first or two years to save their energy.
  • Keep in mind the time taken by them to give fruits.
  • Cross-pollinated varieties give better growth results.

Final words

A blueberry shrub means a plant that will accompany you through every season. Raising blueberries can be the best decision of your life if you do it just the right way. That way you will get a wholesome enjoyment of flowers in the spring, fruits in the summers, foliage in the fall, and colorful branches in winters.

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Enjoy the delight!

kevin de

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