Learn How To Grow Basil From The Seed Rightly – The Ultimate Guide
For anyone trying to know how to grow basil, there is nothing to worry about as basil can be very easily grown. This perennial grows super fast and doesn’t even require any special care. Starting basil from seed is a great idea as it gives a better head start by ensuring good growth under controlled conditions.
Read on to learn how to start basil from seed and take care of the plant further.
Different types of seeds to grow
Basil plant belongs to the family of Lamiaceae or mint plants. The leaves of the plant are used both fresh and dried for both cooking and medicinal purposes.
The basil seeds are very tiny ones that can be brown or black. There are different varieties of basil that differ in flavor and colors but all of them can be planted in the same manner. Let’s give you a list of them:
Different methods for growing basil
There are two methods that you can choose from depending upon the local climate conditions:
Sowing the seeds
You need to follow the tips step by step.
There is no special prep other than taking some hot water and soaking the seeds in it for a night. This will facilitate faster germination.
Planting the seeds
The process is pretty simple and can be performed with some basic instruments itself.
It usually takes around 5-10 days for basil seeds to germinate and also depends upon the local conditions. If it takes longer, then you need to provide extra warmth which can be given by a heat mat. As soon as one seeds sprouts, remove the lid to prevent extra elongation of the basil from seeds.
Taking care of the seedlings
Here is a list of the things you need to ensure for the healthy growth of the seedlings:
You must water them around two times every week, depending upon the humidity. Provide water at the bottom first till the top gets soaked.
Keep the seedlings in front of any air source like a small fan or near the window for some natural breeze. Good aeration is necessary to prevent mold formation and promote thick stems.
Basil prefers warmth and nothing can be the better source than sunlight. Keep them under the sun for a good 6 hours every day. You might also need to use an artificial light source for it. Watch the video.
Feed them weekly with liquid fertilizer and then increase the dose slowly as per the growth. It will be better if you use organic fertilizers or compost tea.
It is important for the good growth of the leaves. You start with pinching those leaves that have grown to a height of 6 inches and there are 3-5 of them grown which are called true leaves. Cut the stem right after the first set and repeat pruning after the new leaves become 4 inches high.
Transplanting the basil seedlings
The basil seedlings grow faster and it won’t be soon when they will outgrow their current container. At that moment, you may have to transfer them to another bigger container for giving them ample space to grow.
As soon as you see that the weather has become nice and warm outside, you only have to decide the right time for moving the seedlings out into the garden. Warm soil is imperative for the basil from seed and you can have it mostly in the later spring period. It is best to choose this time to avoid any risk of even a bit cool.
A process that you have to follow in between is to harden the seedlings where you gradually expose them to the outer conditions every day to make them adjust better to them and prevent any transplant shock.
Pick a sunny location either for the pot or ground wherever you are going to plant the seedlings. Make sure that the soil has good drainage and pre-mix it with some granular fertilizer for better results. Plant the seedlings a little deeper than they were earlier and spaced at 6-12 inches from each other.
Harvesting the basil from seed
Since the leaves of the plant are consumed, in a way, the harvest process starts from the pruning period itself. Every leaf that you pick, except the rotten ones, can make up to your kitchen. More of harvest and pinching leads to a bushier growth.
Just don’t pluck all of the leaves together so that the plant ends up dying out. You can remove the flowers to prevent any bolting.
This was the ultimate guide on how to grow basil from the seeds. You must be now convinced that it is very easy to grow the plant and all you have to do is decide a good day for beginning with the process. The reward will be extremely delightful, trust us!